REAL ESTATE AND PROPERTY LAW IN BANGLADESH
Leading Law Firm in Dhaka, Bangladesh
FM Associates, as the Leading Law Firm in Dhaka, Bangladesh provides extensive and specialized legal services in regards to real estate and property laws in Bangladesh in relation to investigations of commercial and residential properties, determination of title and interests, examination property documents etc.
We also regularly advise clients in relation to compliance issues arising out of building codes and laws applicable in Bangladesh. We offer assistance in acquiring non-encumbrance certificate, mutation certificate, succession certificates etc
At FM Associates has the best land and real estate and environment lawyers in Bangladesh, clients are offered with a one-stop legal service where they can not only identify the true owner(s) of the property but can also acquire assistance in obtaining various certificate, drafting of sale deeds along with attending hearings in the land offices when the arises. We also conduct litigation in relation land disputes.
What is Real Estate or Property Laws in Bangladesh
The simple legal definition of real estate is land and anything on it, such as buildings or natural resources. Hence, it is clear that Real Estate is not the personal assets (e.g. furniture, fixtures etc.). Real Estate can be either residential or commercial in nature. In Bangladesh, a more and more property development has been taking place and the country is witnessing a great deal of more investment flow from overseas. It is acting as one of the main drivers of the country’s economic growth and largest employment sector. However, it is said that, where there is interest, there is dispute. The sector is no exception this. With the increase of transactions relating to Real Estate, disputes are also arising out of complex financing deals. This in turn, turn up the necessity of having qualified real estate lawyers for the transactions. A qualified real estate lawyer plays a crucial role for the protection of interest of his client in a Real Estate contract.
Scope of works of a Real Estate or Property Lawyers in Bangladesh | FM Associates:
- Providing advice on the legal aspects of rental property, landlord-tenant matters, lease (commercial/residential), and tittle issues;
- Representing client in the court proceedings;
- Providing consultation and representation in zoning and other land use proceedings;
- Reviewing sale and purchase agreements (modifying the terms of the agreements if necessary);
- Scrutinizing legal documents such as mortgage documents, taxes etc.;
- Reviewing and ensuring protection of clients’ interests in real estate transactions;
- Assessing the closing statement, promissory note, bill of sale etc.;
- Providing legal opinion on property management, property taxes and zoning restrictions on real estate;
- Drafting, preparing and reviewing tender and project documents;
- Drafting deeds, agreements and leases;
- Advising on environmental and insurance issues;
- Due diligence on complex or higher priced transactions;
- Searching of documents in land offices (for checking the genuineness of any document).
The Law on Real Estate and Property in Bangladesh:
There are variety of legal issues with regards to both commercial and residential real estate. The Real Estate Development and Management Act 2010 is the governing law of Real Estate in Bangladesh. It regulates the buying, selling, and transferring of Real Estate in Bangladesh.
Section 5 of the Act states about the registration of Real Estate Developers and their responsibilities. Registration of Real Estate Developers requires the following documents:
- Trade License
- Tax Identification Number (TIN)
- VAT Registration Number
- Expert details in the company
- Memorandum of Association, Article of Association and Certificate of Incorporation
- REHAB Membership Registration Copy
It is important to note that, if any development work is carried out without having the registration (as required under section 5), then it shall amount to an offence and the punishment of this offence is imprisonment not exceeding 2 (two) years or fine up to 10 lac taka or both (section 19 of the Act). Notably, the same punishment is set out in the Act (section 20) for any Developer who starts any project of Real Estate without the registration.
Section 8 regulates the registration of buying and selling of Real Estate. It is the rule that, no Real State Developer can change any specific plot or flat in the absence of the permission from the purchaser (Section 8 (2)). Moreover, Developers are prohibited from taking additional money beyond what was agreed (Section 8 (3)).
On the other hand, section 9 deals with the transfer of Real Estate. This section provides that, after the receipt of the purchase amount of the Real State, the owner must, not exceeding three months, shall handover the possession to the purchaser, shall execute the deed and complete the registration. In addition to that, if the Real Estate makes any difference with respect to size or volume during the transfer, then it must be fix with in three months of the transfer.
It is important to note that, all Developers must not enter into any agreement with purchaser for the sale of the Real Estate before getting approval on the project from the relevant government authority. Such a duty is set out in section 6 (3) of the Act.
Moreover, every developer must carry out construction according the approved design. For any violation of this rule, the punishment shall be a maximum of 3 (three) years imprisonment or fine not exceeding 20 lac taka or both.
It is suggested that, it is better to appoint qualified real estate lawyers at the planning stage so that he/they can understand the particular need or aim of the client and provide service accordingly.