Top Law Firm in Bangladesh

Top Law Firm in Bangladesh

Leading Law Firm in Bangladesh

Leading Law Firm in Dhaka

Laws and Standard Code of Conduct for Building and construction Related to Preserving the Environment.

Comparative analysis between the existing Laws and its Real time Implications

Bangladesh is growing fast. It is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, with over 170 million in population, with an area of only 148,460 squared kilometers. As a result, the cities have grown in a haywire manner and industrial growth took place in an unplanned way. With such unplanned growth, comes the added issue of undermining the environment.

Building Construction

Construction of building and other infrastructures comes under the purview of many laws. The consideration has to be given to Bangladesh National Building Code (2006) to start with. Further, construction of projects which are solely funded by the Government needs to be in cohesion with the Public Procurement Act 2006 and the Public Procurement Rules 2008. Further, acts with regards to the stipulations introduced by the local regulators such as the City Corporation Act, would also play a big role with regards to construction of buildings. The Building Construction Act (1952) is another important laws which focuses on what to do and what not to do when it comes to construction. These laws set out the necessities that one must follow in order to construct buildings and infrastructures. However, the focus on environment in these laws are minimal, and the main restrictions with regards to the construction are set out in different environmental laws.

The Building Construction Act (1952) asserts restrictions on cutting or raising of hills and provides sanctions if the government is satisfied that the cutting or razing of the hill will cause any serious damage to any hill, building, structure or land adjacent to or in the vicinity of the hill, or the cutting or razing of the hill will cause any silting of or obstruction to any drain, stream or river, or the cutting or razing of the hill is not necessary in order to prevent the loss of life or property, or the cutting of the hill is such as is not normally necessary for construction of dwelling house without causing any major damage to the hill, or the cutting or razing of the hill is not in favor of public interest. This act also lays down some necessary laws with regards to excavation of land and of tanks keeping in mind the implications to the environment.

Further, The Environment Pollution Control Ordinance (1977) is a regulation that sheds light on protection of the environment with regards to industrial buildings etc. The main laws which set out the environmental standards are the Bangladesh Environment conservation Act (1995) and the Bangladesh Environment Conservation Rules (1997). These laws and rules set out with the standard of environment protection with regards to construction of both residential, industrial and commercial buildings. It also stipulates depending on the place and type of the building, the necessary steps that have to be taken to ensure it is environmentally sound. When it comes to building construction, there are lots of matters that need to be taken into consideration. Starting from sourcing of construction materials such as the soil, the water of the area where the construction would take place. These require approval through soil and water tests from laboratories. Then, there is the matter of sourcing building materials. Now, Bangladesh is still lagging behind on sourcing environment friendly building materials. The bricks are coming from the brick fields which usually have a lot of trouble keeping their pollution in control. Similarly, the metal rods are usually produced in re-rolling mills which source the iron from the ship breaking industry, which if looked into is one of the most environment unfriendly industry polluting the sea and land at the same time. The composition of cement is made from limestones, which are sourced from different sites without paying proper attention to the environment. However, it is important to understand that new laws are being introduced every year to neutralize these issues.

With the use of more updated laws and with more informed and trained work force, the government will soon be able to ensure that better and sound materials are used in the construction of buildings in the future. It is also a matter of culture actually, as with most constructions before, the use of civil engineers and architects were rare. Now, with time more consultants are used, who are able to suggest better, stronger and environment friendly materials for construction. Bangladesh will need to introduce a better set of green laws to safeguard the environment in terms of building and construction.