driven by the casualties in different industries that attracted the attention of all the concerned groups; further, increasing trade demands have been the motivating factor for liberalizing the trade/industrial policies and enriching the Business Laws.
The supreme law of Bangladesh, the constitution, is in written form being the core of all legislations. The laws, being enacted by the parliament and interpreted by the courts, take the statutory form of guiding the community. The Supreme Court of Bangladesh is the highest court comprising the High Court Division and the Appellate Division. The Appellate Division is vested with the power to hear appeals from the High Court Division or from any other body created under the statute. The High Court Division controls the subordinate courts and tribunals and act as first instance court for company matters, admiralty matters and also has jurisdictions to declare null and void any law violating the fundamental rights of the people.
With respect to the civil proceedings at the lower courts, the cases start at the subordinate civil courts depending on the valuation of the suit. In general, the hierarchy of the lower courts comprises of the five courts; namely the District Judge Court, Additional District Judge Court, Joint District Judge Court, Senior Assistant Judge Court and Assistant Judge Court.
With respect to the criminal proceedings, the sub-ordinate criminal courts are sub-divided into two categories Sessions Court and Magistrate Court. Depending on the nature of the offense and the trial stage these Session Courts are also categorized as Session Judge Court, Additional Session Judge Court and Joint Session Judge Court. Magistrate Courts are also subdivided to the Executive Magistrate, having the restricted power (for instance, with respect to the Mobile Courts), and Judicial Magistrate.
Following is a structure of the Hierarchy of the Courts in Bangladesh: